Understanding Addiction with Reflections Recovery Center

Tag Archives: Withdrawal

Withdrawal Symptoms And Opioid Detox Treatment Programs For Young Men

Opioid addiction has reached epidemic levels across the United States, disregarding social, economic, and racial lines and affecting communities of all sizes in every state. There have been several legislative actions in recent years aimed at curbing the number of overdose deaths and new addiction cases, but opioids continue to be the leading cause of accidental deaths in the United States.

Young men struggling with opioid addiction may not know where to turn for help, and there are a wide variety of treatment options available. However, it is essential to find a treatment solution that works for the individual and offers an individualized treatment plan and continuum of care.

Learn The Warning Signs Of Opioid Addiction

Friends and family can identify the warning signs of an opioid addiction with vigilance, but it’s important to remember that the social stigmas surrounding addiction and the shame and isolation drug abuse can create causes many young men to hide their habits, even from the people closest to them.

Top 5 Signs Of Opioid Addiction

There are many warning signs of opioid addiction, but some of the most common include:

  • Needing more pills before a prescription refill is possible. Many people develop opioid addictions because of legitimate medical issues like injuries or surgical procedures that entail opioid painkiller prescriptions. Opioids are powerfully addictive and even a few doses can spur an addiction; it is essential to keep tabs on a family member’s prescription consumption. If he starts running out of pills before a refill is available, this is likely a sign that he has been using too much and may have started abusing his prescription.
  • Switching from pills to street drugs. When prescription refills run out after addiction has taken hold, a young man with a blossoming opioid addiction will likely turn to the black market for more drugs. Prescription opioid pills are extremely expensive on the street, sometimes as much as $20 per pill, and heroin becomes an attractive alternative at this point, considering the average street cost of a single dose is about $5 or less.
  • Doctor shopping. Some people who develop prescription opioid painkiller addictions will start “doctor shopping,” or visiting multiple doctors in rapid succession for the same issue in the hope of securing multiple prescriptions which they fill at various pharmacies. Many states have started cracking down on this practice by implementing prescription drug monitoring systems in state pharmacies and penalizing doctors who negligently prescribe opioids to their patients.
  • Malnourishment. Opioid addiction can cause a person to neglect basic needs like proper diet and hydration. A person suffering from opioid addiction may appear thin, sickly, weak, or generally unwell despite protesting that he or she feels fine. When opioid addiction reaches critical levels, a person will invariably start neglecting basic needs in pursuit of more drugs.
  • Withdrawal symptoms. Opioids can cause powerful withdrawal symptoms that are so excruciatingly painful and unpleasant the person can do nothing but think of obtaining more drugs to stop the discomfort. When a person starts displaying the typical signs of opioid withdrawal it is time to start looking for treatment options.

Dangers Of Opioid Detox

Some people mistakenly believe they can go “cold turkey” and drop an opioid addiction as they would drop cigarettes. Unfortunately, self-detox is not only difficult but also very dangerous, and the danger increases the longer the addiction persists. It may be possible to overcome addictive urges and cravings in the early stages of an addiction, but full-blown opioid addiction demands professional treatment in a safe environment.

Medically Assisted Opioid Detox

A proper opioid detox treatment for young men should include medical assistance and nutritional support during the detox process. As the last dose of drugs leaves a person’s system the withdrawal symptoms can manifest with severe intensity. Some of those symptoms can include high fever, organ failure, rapid heart rate, and hallucinations that can be dangerous without medical assistance.

The Value Of Sex-Specific Treatment Options

Finding an acceptable drug detox program is just one step in the recovery process. Reflections Rehab offers men’s-only substance abuse treatment because we understand the value of sex-specific treatment centers. A men’s-only center naturally encourages building trust among peers, working together, and sharing experiences to find common ground and heal together by eliminating many common social distractions found in co-ed recovery programs. Although many co-ed programs are highly successful, men and women inherently change their behaviors around members of the opposite sex, and sometimes these dynamics can interfere with treatment.

Reflections Rehab’s Men’s-Only Substance Abuse Treatment Program

The Reflections Rehab treatment experience revolves around taking care of the whole person, not just the symptoms of addiction but the underlying causes as well. Our program entails building trust, maintaining a healthy body and mind, and exploring the reasons behind addiction to develop better coping skills for the future.

Any drug treatment program should begin with medically assisted detox, especially for opioid addiction. Without appropriate medical attention, a person suffering from opioid withdrawal symptoms could face life-threatening symptoms or simply start using again to avoid withdrawal.

Our program starts with medically assisted opioid detox, followed by a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses each patient’s individual needs and risk factors. Adventure therapy and exploring the outdoors are at the forefront of our therapeutic offerings; you will not find a typical clinical rehab experience at Reflections Rehab. We believe in building confidence, strengthening the body, and teaching new coping skills for a stronger defense against relapse and the most holistic recovery experience possible for every patient.

Signs of Hidden Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol addiction can disrupt a person’s life greatly, but it’s not always easy to tell when a loved one has a problem. Many people struggling with alcohol addiction tend to keep their activities hidden from their friends and family. Why? They either underestimate the extent of their problem or they don’t want others to interfere.

Unfortunately, even obvious symptoms of alcoholism can go unnoticed, particularly if your loved one is a high-functioning alcoholic. However, you can determine if your loved one has a hidden alcohol problem by learning how to look for signs of alcohol abuse. By staying alert, you can help identify a drinking problem and then support your loved one throughout treatment.

Signs of Hidden Alcohol Abuse

We’ve grouped the various signs of alcoholism into five main categories:

High Alcohol Tolerance

Numerous factors can impact someone’s tolerance for alcohol, including weight, age, sex and genetics.

No matter what other factors are in play, though, the more a person drinks, the higher his or her tolerance will be. Thus, the more drinks it will take to become intoxicated. Repeated drinking episodes can lead to very little functional impairment, even after consuming large amounts of alcohol.

To tell if your loved one has a high tolerance for alcohol, watch their behaviors after drinking. As an example, a 155-pound male will take about three drinks to become “tipsy.” If he don’t show any signs of intoxication at that point, then he may have a high level of alcohol tolerance.

Experiencing Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

Repeated drinking does more than build an alcohol tolerance in the body; it also impacts people physically and mentally. The body starts to adjust so that drinking becomes the norm, which means not having a drink can cause withdrawal symptoms.

For alcohol, common withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Anxiety
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Shaky hands
  • Insomnia

While symptoms of alcohol dependence don’t always indicate alcoholism, the impact of withdrawal can play a major role in forming alcohol abuse and addiction. If your loved one starts to exhibit physical signs of alcohol abuse in the form of withdrawal after not drinking for some time, then he or she may have a hidden alcohol problem.

Secret Drinking

Hidden Drinking Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms - Reflections Recovery CenterBecause people struggling with alcoholism have a higher tolerance for alcohol, they often need to drink more to feel intoxicated. This can lead to behaviors where someone may drink alone or while getting ready to go out to a social event with friends; the latter is known as “pregaming.” Secret drinking can also involve drinking after coming home from events.

To facilitate this type of drinking, people with hidden alcoholism will sometimes have hiding places for alcohol:

  • Bathroom shelves, dresser drawers, the garage, and behind other items in kitchen cabinets are common places to covertly store alcohol.
  • Furniture can also be a place to stow empty bottles and cans.

If you have concerns about hidden alcoholism, you can search those places. You may also check the outside trash bins, as your loved one may be taking out empty bottles and cans directly to the main trash when nobody’s looking.

Making Excuses to Drink

To make their drinking behavior seem less like a problem, people struggling with alcohol addiction will often make up reasons to drink:

  • If something bad happens, they will use alcohol to make themselves feel better.
  • If something good happens, then what better way to celebrate than with a drink?

These “reasons” become protection if you or someone else tries to point out your loved one’s drinking behavior.

Additionally, people struggling with alcoholism will make excuses for why they can’t or won’t stop drinking:

  • Some will say that they can stop whenever they feel like it. (They can’t.)
  • Others will argue that their drinking only impacts themselves. (It doesn’t.)
  • There’s also a chance that they will agree to get help, then come up with excuses to keep putting it off.

Unexplained Injuries

Episodes of binge drinking can lead to falling and blackouts – both of which can easily cause injuries. The lack of bodily control after heavy drinking can contribute.

The potential damages can range from minor cuts and bruises to larger traumatic injuries; but, one scenario will often serve as a telltale sign of hidden alcoholism: The person doesn’t want to admit what caused the problem.

Those struggling with alcoholism will often feel too embarrassed to admit what really led to their injuries, so they’ll brush the problem off without answering. Or, if pressed, they may make up a story about what happened.

If your loved one has suspicious or repeated injuries and won’t give you a clear answer as to how these wounds occurred, alcohol may have contributed.

Helping a Loved One with Hidden Alcoholism

Living with someone who has an alcohol addiction can be a challenging experience. Your loved one may experience mood swings and ignore responsibilities in favor of drinking. He or she may look to you to encourage the behavior or actively start to tear down various relationships when drinking.

The key is to remember that you cannot control your loved one’s behavior and that the situation is not your fault. You do not need to enable the addiction or accept poor treatment from them.

However, it’s possible to learn how to help an alcoholic. Once you’ve identified that your loved one may have a hidden alcohol problem, you can plan appropriately. Enlist the support of your friends and family, and possibly an intervention specialist. You should also care for your own personal needs throughout the process, so that you are in the right state of mind to fully help your loved one.

From Alcoholism Intervention to Rehab

Before staging an intervention, you and the intervention team should carefully plan and rehearse what will happen. Prepare possible treatment options, so that your loved one can’t stall the admission process. Once you’ve completed the intervention successfully and your loved one begins receiving treatment, remain supportive and participate where possible. The encouragement of friends and family can make or break a recovery from alcohol addiction.

At Reflections Recovery Center, we provide the highest quality of care for our male clients, every step of the way. Explore our men’s alcohol rehab programs, or get in touch with us to discuss how we can help your son, husband, brother, etc. overcome his drinking behavior.

See More Alcohol Addiction Facts

Carisoprodol (Soma) Abuse and Addiction

Carisoprodol/Soma abuse and addiction is becoming more common in recent years, and this may be in response to the changes surrounding opioid abuse, addiction, availability, and dangers. Abuse of non-opioid prescription drugs have become more common because the dangers of opioid prescription drug abuse have become widely known.

Many prescription drug abusers feel that the abuse of non-opioid RX drugs are safer. However, prescription drug abuse of any kind holds many dangers, and Soma/carisoprodol can be very dangerous drugs.

What Is Carisoprodol (Soma)?

Carisoprodol is a musculoskeletal relaxer that is often used to treat painful muscular or skeletal conditions including back pain, joint pain, and severe arthritis. The most common form of carisoprodol used for medical purposes in the United States today is in pill form under the brand name “Soma.” Because of its sedative properties, it is often misused, abused, diverted from legitimate medical uses for recreational use, and is considered addictive and deadly in the event of overdoses.

Carisoprodol/Soma Side Effects:

  • Paralysis (numbness or loss of feeling in extremities).
  • Weakness, lack of motor control, uncoordinated movements, inability to stand or balance oneself.
  • Loss of consciousness, blacking out or fainting.
  • Increased heartbeat or tachycardia.
  • Seizures and convulsions, uncontrollable tremors, muscle spasms.
  • Blurred vision, loss of vision
  • Agitation/Confusion

Carisoprodol/Soma’s Potential for Abuse and Addiction

The potential for substance abuse involving Carisoprodol/Soma has been widely documented, with its abuse potential being compared to hydrocodone, oxycodone, and codeine. A 2007 study on carisoprodol abuse in Norway [New Tab Link to: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2000626/] not only proved that substance abuse from carisoprodol was highly likely, but the study helped to get the drug banned in Norway in 2008.

In the United States, Carisoprodol/Soma is legal to use with a prescription, but has been a schedule IV drug in the U.S. since January of 2012.

How Is Carisoprodol/Soma Abused? 

Carisoprodol is a skeletal/muscle relaxant that can help with back pain and other chronic pain issues by providing sedative, relaxant, and anxiolytic effects. Many soma abusers take the drug by its self in high dosages to maximize the effects felt, though carisoprodol/soma is also used for its potentiating effects when mixed with opioid narcotics.

The Dangers of Mixing Carisoprodol/Soma with Opioids

As a “potentiater,” soma/carisoprodol – when mixed with opioid drugs like codeine or hydrocodone – increases the amount of codeine/hydrocodone that is converted in the body to morphine/hydromorphine. In short, mixing soma with opioids makes the opioid effects stronger and more potent. It also dramatically increases the risk of accidental overdose and death.

The Dangers of Mixing Carisoprodol/Soma with Alcohol 

Carisoprodol is also often mixed with alcohol by recreational users, and mixing soma and alcohol – like mixing it with opioids – increases the effects of alcohol on the body. When mixed, a small dose of carisoprodol and as little as 1 drink of alcohol can have extreme effects, causing blackouts, slurred speech, complete lack of balance, and loss of consciousness.

The biggest danger of mixing soma and alcohol is the risk of overdose and possible death. The overdose symptoms caused by carisoprodol is very similar to overdose symptoms of GABAergic chemicals like alcohol, opioids, or heroin. The risk of respiratory depression is high with soma overdose, which can lead to hypoxia and death quickly.

Can You Get Addicted to Carisoprodol/Soma?

Yes, physical chemical dependence and addiction is very possible with carisoprodol. The risk of addiction and dependence to soma is based in the way the drug works in the brain, acting on the GABA receptors of the brain – just like heroin, opioids, and alcohol. Once the individual has become dependent on the drug, withdrawals can occur if they discontinue use of the drug without tapering or quit cold turkey.

Carisoprodol/Soma Withdrawal Symptoms

Again, because soma is a GABAergic drug, the symptoms of soma withdrawal are quite similar to alcohol and opioid withdrawal symptoms and include:

  • Changes in Cognitive Function, Confusion
  • Increased Anxiety
  • Increased Depression or Sadness
  • Mood Swings
  • Tremors, Shaking or Seizures
  • Agitation and Aggression (Aggressive Thoughts and Behaviors)
  • Insomnia/Sleeplessness
  • Muscle Cramps or Pains
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Increased Heart Rate, Tachycardia, or Heart Palpitations
  • New or Worsening Mental Health Conditions (Phobias, OCD, Co-Occurring Disorders)

Because so many soma abusers mix the drug with other drugs and/or alcohol, the severity of the withdrawals and the timeline for withdrawal can vary greatly. Just like alcohol and benzodiazepine withdrawal, carisoprodol withdrawals can be deadly in certain cases. It is very important to seek soma detox or full medically assisted drug detox when attempting to quit carisoprodol.

Carisoprodol/Soma Addiction Treatment and Recovery

Carisoprodal and opioids are very closely related, in-that they share common action mechanisms and risks for dependence, overdose and withdrawal. Not only have we seen an increase in individuals abusing soma since the opioid epidemic has arisen, but we have also seen many chronic pain sufferers that have been switched to carisoprodol from opioid medications to treat their chronic pain.

The risk of abuse, overdose and addiction to carisoprodol is very real, and those that have found themselves dependent on soma will need addiction treatment for soma dependence to treat the physical, mental, and emotional aspects of addition.

Arizona Prescription Drug Rehab 

At Reflections Recovery Center, we have become renowned for our efforts in treating prescription drug addiction in men throughout the opioid epidemic. While the majority of the country has now woken up to just how dangerous prescription opioids can be, too many are underinformed of the dangers of other prescription drug that are used to treat chronic pain conditions like severe back pain.

If you have found yourself with an addiction to soma, or if your loved one has become addicted to carisoprodol, Reflections’ men’s prescription drug detox and treatment program can help you to recover.

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Parents Should Know the Signs of Stimulant Drug Addiction and Withdrawal

If there is any lesson we should take away from the opioid epidemic, it is that prevention is the strongest tool in fighting substance abuse and addiction. While treatment is the best way to address existing addictions, prevention and education can help ensure treatment is not needed.

States are beginning to roll out their plans for implementing more substance abuse and addiction prevention education programs, and we too want to help to educate parents on how to recognize the signs of stimulant drug and alcohol abuse, addiction, and withdrawal; and to recognize when your child needs help for stimulant abuse, addiction and mental health concerns.

Parents should be on the Lookout for Signs and Symptoms of Drug and Stimulant Abuse/Addiction in Children of All Ages

It is important for parents to be on the lookout for the signs and symptoms of substance abuse and addiction in older children as well – not just young children, teens and young adults. Addiction can strike at any age, and it is family’s early intervention efforts that can have the biggest impact in whether or not substance abuse and addiction is treated early.

Meth Stats

Methamphetamine Addiction Statistics

Methamphetamine abuse and addiction takes a drastic toll on the mind and body, is one of the most widely abuse drugs in the United States, and because it is relatively cheap it is widely abused in poor communities. Also called “glass” or “Crystal,” the drug is usually snorted or smoked, but can also be used intravenously.

  • Contrary to popular belief, the United States does not see the highest rates of methamphetamine use, rather Australia has the highest abuse rate.
  • 42 metric tons of methamphetamine were used in the U.S. in 2010, and the highest rate seen in recent years was 85 metric tons in 2005.
  • In a 2013 poll, 59,500 Americans over the age of 12 admitted to using methamphetamine within the past month.
  • In a 2013 poll, 12,257,000 Americans admitted to using meth at least once in their lifetime.
  • 82,000 teens between the age of 16 and 17 admitted to using methamphetamine in 2013.
  • 25,000 teens between the age of 14 and 15 admitted to using methamphetamine in 2013.
  • 12,000 kids between the age of 12 and 13 admitted to using methamphetamine in 2013.
  • $13 billion was spent on meth by Americans in 2010.
  • 102,961 emergency room visits in 2011 were meth-related
  • 49,510 people sought addiction treatment for meth in 2012
  • 2,724 deaths were attributed to poisoning by methamphetamine in 2011
  • There were 1,814 emergency room visits related to suicide attempts in combination with methamphetamine in 2009.
  • Meth-related deaths in the U.S. peaked at 4,500 deaths in 2005.

Signs of Methamphetamine Addiction

Methamphetamine use is usually easier to spot in long-term addicts and those that use large amounts of the drug, as heavy meth users’ physical appearance begins to change – taking on a gaunt look, with acne, rotting teeth, and extreme weight loss. However, those that use the drug less regularly or only engage in infrequent binges on the drug can often show no physical signs of meth use.

Additionally, the physical characteristics a person takes on after heavy meth use is tied to the types of chemicals used in manufacturing the drug. Therefore “cleaner” batches of meth may do less physical damage to the body, while “dirty” batches of meth can cause the “meth-look” to be more prominent and show up more quickly. Signs to look out for if you suspect meth use in your child include:

  • Frailness or Thinning Body
  • Dramatic Weight Loss
  • Suppressed Appetite and Lack of Appetite
  • Droopiness of the Facial Skin, Sunken Cheeks, Pronounced Bone Structure in the Face
  • Convulsions and Seizures
  • Lowered Immunity and Increased Susceptibility to Diseases
  • Increased Libido
  • Intense Scratching
  • Visual and Tactile Hallucinations (Often of Bugs on the Skin or Crawling Sensations)
  • Increase in Body Temperature, Flushed Red Skin
  • Rapid, Darting Eyes and Dilated Pupils
  • Skin Lesions or Sores
  • Impulsive Actions
  • Hair Loss
meth detox

Signs of Methamphetamine Withdrawal

Meth withdrawal usually will not be life-threatening, and presents more dangerous psychological symptoms than physically dangerous symptoms. Meth withdrawal begins within the first 24 hours of stopping the use of the drug, and the severity of the withdrawal depends on how much meth you have used, and for how long you have been using the drug for (“tweaking” – Using the drug consecutively during a binge).

Meth Withdrawal Symptoms Include:

  • Sadness or Depression
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Decreased Appetite
  • Lack of Motivation
  • Muscle Pain
  • Jaw pain and Clenching of the jaw (Grinding Teeth, etc.)
  • Headache
  • Dehydration
  • Suicidal Thoughts
  • Stimulant-Induced Psychosis
  • Drug Cravings
Coke Stats

Cocaine Addiction Statistics

  • 9 million people use cocaine each month.
  • Cocaine use is highest in the 18-25 year age group – with 1.5% of 18-25 year olds reporting cocaine use in the past 30 days.
  • A 2013 Study showed that 37,634,000 people over the age of 12 had used cocaine at least once in their lifetime.
  • 170,000 teens aged 16-17 used cocaine in 2013.
  • 37,000 teens aged 14-15 used cocaine in 2013.
  • 9,000 kids aged 12-13 used cocaine in 2013.
  • The highest rates of cocaine use are seen in the United States, Paraguay, Chile, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, and Australia.
  • People in the United States spent $28 billion on cocaine in 2010, which is a decrease over a decade since the $55 billion figure seen in 2000.
  • There were 505,224 cocaine-related emergency room visits in 2011.
  • 202, 044 rehab admissions in 2012 were related to crack cocaine and cocaine.

Signs of Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine is a short acting stimulant, which leads many users to use the drug in a binge and crash pattern, much like methamphetamine. There are two major forms of cocaine – powder cocaine (which is usually snorted) and crack cocaine (which is formed into rocks and smoked). The drug can also be used intravenously, and can be mixed with heroin, speed, or other drugs – though the most common forms are smoking crack and snorting powder cocaine.

Know When You're Addicted Reflections Recovery Center
Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Abuse/Addiction:
  • Paranoia or Fearfulness
  • Extremely Talkative and Rambling (Talking Over Others, Rushing to Get Words Out)
  • Increased Energy
  • Decreased Need for Sleep
  • Headaches
  • Muscle Twitches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nasal Perforation (Holes in the septum, damage to the tissues of the nose and membranes inside the nose)
  • Recklessness and Engaging in Risky Behaviors
  • Chronic Runny Nose, and Sniffling
  • Hoarseness in the Voice
  • Increase in Body Temperature
  • Increased Heart Rate
  • Dilated Pupils
  • Paranoia and Psychosis
  • Mood Swings

Signs of Cocaine Withdrawal

While cocaine withdrawal itself usually will not cause critical withdrawal symptoms or lead to death (unlike drugs like Heroin, Alcohol and Benzodiazepines), the withdrawals from cocaine can cause a lot of anxiety, agitation and psychological symptoms.

Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms:

  • Excessive Hunger or Loss of Appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Profuse Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Seizures
  • Hallucinations
  • Night Sweats
  • Delirium
  • Hallucinations
  • Sensitivity to pain
  • Slurred Speech
  • Teeth Grinding
  • Disorientation and Confusion
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Facts & Stats

Prescription Stimulant Addiction Statistics

  • ADHD is 10X more common in alcoholics.
  • Of those treated for substance abuse, 25% have ADD/ADHD.
  • ADHD is the most common mental health disorder diagnosis seen in children.
  • Adults too can be diagnosed with ADHD, with 5% of the adult population having been diagnosed.
  • Children diagnosed with ADHD are more likely to abuse alcohol in their teenage years.
  • 2 million people use prescription stimulants.
  • 2 million young adults between the ages of 18 and 25 use prescription stimulants.
  • 1 million children aged 12 to 17 use prescription stimulants.
  • The number of American children on prescription stimulants increased 183% from 1990 to 2013 – (3.5 Million in 2013).
  • A 2013 study found that 9% of all teens in the U.S. have abused prescription stimulants.

Types of Prescription Stimulants

Prescription stimulants are often prescribed for those under the age of 20 to treat (ADD/ADHD) Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. Parents should be aware of the side effects even if their child is not prescribed these drugs.

Children have a tendency to share their ADHD medications with friends and fellow students, and abuse of ADHD drugs in children who don’t need them has shown to cause increased risk of substance abuse and addiction later in life.

  • Ritalin
  • Ritalin SR
  • Ritalin LA
  • Dexedrine
  • Adderall
  • Concerta
  • Adzenys XR-ODT
  • Zenzedi
  • Dyanavel XR
  • Evekeo
  • Vyvanse
  • Desoxyn
  • ProCentra
  • Aptensio XR
  • Daytrana
  • Metadate
  • Metadate CD
  • Methylin
  • Quillivant XR
  • QuillaChew ER
  • Focalin
  • Focalin XR

Signs of Prescription Stimulant Addiction

Know the side effects of prescription stimulants. These side effects may appear when your child first begins abusing prescription stimulants, or with heavy use of the drugs.

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Anxiety
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Dry Mouth
  • Dyspepsia (Indigestion)
  • Emotional Irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Nervousness
  • Vomiting

Severe Side Effects of Prescription Stimulants:

  • Infection (Serious Side Effect)
  • Tachycardia (Serious Side Effect)
  • Allergic Reactions (Serious Side Effect)
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (Red and Purple Skin Rash that Spreads)
  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis (Skin necrosis starting with Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Rash)
  • Psychotic Episodes
  • Rhabdomyolysis (Death and Breakdown of muscle tissue)
  • Cardiomyopathy (Heart Failure)
Lack of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs in Arizona

Signs of Prescription Stimulant Withdrawal

Prescription Stimulants are chemically similar to illicit/illegal stimulants like methamphetamine and amphetamine, and the in some ADHD medications, the active ingredients are methamphetamine or amphetamine – only in very low doses. Parents should be aware that those abusing or addicted to prescriptions stimulants like ADHD medications may abuse illegal street meth and amphetamines on top of prescription drugs. Signs of withdrawal from stimulants include:

  • Jittery Reactions
  • Anxiety
  • Chills
  • Dehydration
  • Dulled Senses
  • Slowed Speech
  • Loss of Interest
  • Slowed Movements
  • Slow Heart Rate
  • Irritability
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Depression
  • Insomnia (or Hypersomnia)
  • Psychosis

Prescription Stimulant and Amphetamine Addiction Treatment

While marijuana is often called a gateway drug, addiction specialists are now finding that ADHD medications and prescription stimulants are a gateway to harder drugs like methamphetamine, prescription opioids, prescription benzodiazepines, and heroin. It is so very important for parents to not only recognize the signs of a prescription or illicit stimulant addiction in their kids, but to respond the substance abuse appropriately – seeking stimulant addiction treatment from a trusted rehab provider.

Reflections Recovery Stimulant Addiction Treatment Program for Men

Reflections’ men’s only addiction treatment program for men aims to get to the root problem of stimulant use. Quite often the stimulant abuse is tied to a mental health concern, and users are self-medicating the symptoms of an underlying condition with prescription stimulants, meth and amphetamines. We utilized dual diagnosis treatment for stimulant addiction to address co-occurring disorders of stimulant abuse and mental health issues.

For those suffering with and addiction to prescription stimulant addiction, or have a co-occurring disorder of ADHD and substance abuse/addiction, dual diagnosis takes into account the individuals special needs of ADHD sufferers.

If your child or loved one needs help and treatment for stimulant addiction, contact us today for an assessment, to begin a stimulant addiction intervention, or to enter treatment as soon as possible.

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What Families Need to Know About Painkiller Withdrawal

Painkiller addiction (addiction to opioid-based prescription drugs) is a very real concern in the United States, and has been for over a decade – as the opioid epidemic grew and claimed more lives. Because abuse of prescription painkillers and painkiller addiction is deadly – yet can start off in a seemingly harmless way – it’s extremely important for parents and families to be educated on painkiller addiction, withdrawal and the need for painkiller addiction treatment

Painkiller Withdrawal is Dangerous and Can Be Deadly without Medical Detox

The number 1 most important thing that families need to know about painkiller withdrawal is that quitting suddenly can be dangerous, and the withdrawal symptoms from painkiller addiction can be deadly, if not treated with medically supervised opioid detox.
We cannot stress this enough, if you have a loved one that is addicted to painkillers and opioid-based prescription drugs. Do not let them quit cold turkey, get them into proper care with medically assisted painkiller detox.

Why Painkiller Addiction is So Dangerous

Prevent Prescription Opioid Abuse in Your Home

According to a study on “Association of Household Opioid Availability and Prescription Opioid Initiation Among Household Members,” dangerously addictive prescription painkillers prescribed to one person in the family can easily wind up in the hands of others in the house.

Not only are family members likely to take prescription opioids to get high if they are easily accessible in the home, but the study also shows that when a person in a family gets prescribed opioids, other members are more likely to get a similar prescription filled within 12 months.

When one family member takes prescription opioids that were meant for another member of the family, this is called drug diversion and opioid initiation. The risk is that the person taking the opioids may become addicted, and quickly seek out new sources of opioids.

“When opioids are prescribed to one family member, there is a 12% risk that other family members will consume those drugs, and be ‘initiated’ into opioid abuse and addiction through this exposure.”

75% of heroin users in treatment admit that their addiction started with prescription painkiller opioids, and many of those that developed a substance abuse issue with prescription painkillers admit that they started taking the pills from their parents’ or other family members’ prescriptions. This makes the prescriptions painkillers that are not locked up and are easily accessible to other family members the #1 root cause of heroin addiction.

When you look at the heroin epidemic today, having killed of 65,000 Americans in 2016, drug diversion from unsecured medications in your family’s home is dangerous and 100% preventable. Parents especially should not leave any prescription medications accessible to children or any other family members.

The Risks of Opioid Addiction with Chronic Pain, Injuries and Illnesses

Opioid medications and painkillers really do serve legitimate medical purposes, and are often the best medical option for treating illnesses associated with pain and chronic pain. If a loved one has been diagnosed with a chronic pain issue or illness that causes pain, they need medications to control the pain and preserve quality of life. However, families should remember that that problems with medications can arise, and families should be looking out for the best interest of their loved ones when it comes to opioid medications and any other prescription drugs.We are not saying that you need to take away your loved one’s painkillers at the first sign of a problem. We are simply saying that – for the benefit of your loved one’s health and safety – you should be aware of what medications your loved one is taking, the risks of those medications, the doctor’s recommended dosage, and the symptoms and signs that an addiction is forming.
Painkiller Addiction Among Athletes

Prescription Painkiller Addictions in the Young and Elderly

Those that are in their formative years (12-25), and those that are elderly (55+) are especially prone to opioid use disorders and misuse of painkillers. If your children are prescribed opioid painkillers for injuries or illnesses, you as a parent should immediately educate yourself on the signs and symptoms of addiction, withdrawal and overdose.

While it may feel like an invasion of your child’s privacy, or an overstepping of your boundaries to count and monitor how many pain pills your child is taking after being prescribed opioids, it is needed for their safety and wellbeing. So many that have lost their lives in the past decade due to the opioid epidemic were originally prescribed painkillers by a doctor, and their lives may have been saved – if only family members intervened into the problem sooner.

Withdrawal FAQs

FAQs about Painkiller/Prescription Opioid Withdrawal

There are a great many questions that individual addicted to opioids and their family members may have about painkiller addiction – specifically about detox, withdrawal and recovery. We have gathered some common questions below, and given answers that will be beneficial to the loved ones of those suffering from opioid use disorders and addiction.

How Long After Taking Prescription Opioids will Painkiller Withdrawals Begin?

This depends on how much of an opioid a person has been taking, how long they have been taking the drugs, and what form of opioid painkiller they have been using. Different brands and types of painkillers have different half-lives.

The half-life of a drug is how long it takes for 50% of the dosage taken to be metabolized and released from your body. For example, morphine’s half-life is 2-3 hours. Opioids can also build up in the system, and if a person is taking a large amount of opioids, or a combination of different types of opioids, the half-life of the total amount of drugs in a person’s system can be compounded.

Generally, opioid withdrawal timelines state that – in most cases – opioid withdrawal begins within 6-12 hours, peaks at about 72 hours, and a person should be through the painkiller withdrawal within 7 days.

My Loved One Is Addicted to Painkillers and was Arrested. Should I Let Them Stay in Jail to Get Off Drugs?

No. A person in jail is not going to receive proper medically assisted detox, or the medical care they need. Families need to realize just how serious a condition opioid addiction is, and that a person can die from painkiller withdrawal.

There have been numerous cases of families not posting bail for a loved one, or allowing them to stay in jail for an extend period of time, to give them time to “sober up.” Many of these cases have ended in death or serious injury to the addict due to painkiller and opioid withdrawals.

The proper way to deal with this situation is to make sure that they get medically assisted painkiller detox to get them stabilized and out of the danger zone of acute painkiller withdrawal. After they have been stabilized, it is fine to leave them to pay for their mistakes through incarceration, or any other penalty the courts and law enforcement decide upon. However, getting an addict stabilized through medical detox is essential to their life, safety, and wellbeing.

I’ve Heard Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) Detox is Just Using One Drug to Replace Another. Is This True?

No, medication assisted treatment for detox is not replacing one addiction for another. MAT detox is clinical treatment to safely stabilize a patient that is addicted to a drug or alcohol, and remove the last of the drugs and alcohol from their system, before they can receive substance abuse counseling and work on staying sober.
MAT detox for does use medications similar to painkillers, heroin and other opioids to stabilize the patient, but it utilizes these medications on a taper and titration schedule (slowly decreasing the amount of the medication down to zero). This is the safest way for a person to stop using drugs, and will prevent the deadly withdrawal symptoms seen if detox is attempted cold turkey.

Opioid replacement therapy, is likely what you have heard arguments against – calling it replacing one addiction for another. This is used in cases of extreme addiction, where relapse is likely to end in a deadly overdose.

Suboxone and methadone clinics are examples of facilities that offer opioid replacement therapy – where a patient goes daily, weekly or monthly to receive medications that keep withdrawal symptoms from appearing. This type of treatment is not for everybody, and we recommend MAT detox that has the goal of getting the patient completely off drugs, by the end of the schedule.

Painkiller Addiction Detox, Treatment, and Recovery

Reflections Recovery Center offers a full continuum of treatment in our painkiller addiction treatment programs for men. We assist families who need help and immediate assistance for a loved one addicted to painkillers, opioids, and/or heroin – offering intervention services, medically assisted opioid detox, evidence-based and proven clinical and therapeutic addiction counseling and treatment, as well as aftercare and family support throughout recovery.

We urge parents and family members who don’t know where to turn with their loved one’s addictions to contact us for an addiction assessment and recommendation for long term painkiller addiction recovery.

Family Support for Painkiller Addiction

Oxycontin Detox at Reflections Recovery Center in Arizona

Is Your Husband Hiding Addiction?

Wives with husbands who are struggling with addiction often find it difficult to understand why their spouses are attempting to hide their addictions from them. In many cases, a wife believes her husband is intentionally trying to hide his addiction from her with mischievous intentions or to prevent her from helping him.

The reality is that it is rare for a person to hide a disease such as addiction for malicious reasons. The fact is, addiction is a serious illness with a wide range of symptoms that tend to intensify the feelings of denial, guilt and shame, all of which impair a person’s ability to seek help.

In most circumstances, the most effective support team for an addicted husband is his family, which is why it is important for family members to be aware of the fundamental components of substance abuse and how they can best support their addicted loved one. The following information about the effects of addiction on the body and mind can help you understand this disease and how to handle a husband’s addiction in the most effective way possible.

Husband Hiding Addiction: Concerning Withdrawal Symptoms

Addiction has a plethora of symptoms that are identical to those of serious diseases. Consisting of both mental and physical problems, the list of addiction withdrawal symptoms includes these mental conditions and physical problems:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Agitation
  • Headaches
  • Isolation
  • Sweating
  • Lack of concentration
  • High heart rate and blood pressure
  • Muscle pain
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach cramps
  • Chest pain
  • Tremors
  • Diarrhea

As you can see, addiction has severe withdrawal symptoms, which demonstrates that this disorder can be as truly debilitating as many other diseases. In fact, withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety and depression can make recovering from addiction even more difficult for individuals pursuing sobriety.


It can be particularly hard for someone to address the negative feelings connected with his addiction or even think of himself as a person who is dependent on substances. In some circumstances, individuals can find themselves dependent on drugs or alcohol before they even realize it. Regardless of the individual’s awareness of the problem, it is human nature to want to avoid unpleasant realities.

When someone has a disease or symptoms that negatively affect their health, they tend to deal with the problem by refusing to believe it completely or by using rationalization, justification and excuses. Since the primary symptom of denial is the refusal to believe in its own presence, denial is extremely difficult to conquer alone. Even though denial is frustrating, it is likely your husband believes he is doing the right thing by hiding his pain.

Guilt and Shame

Even if your husband understands his addiction for what it is, he might be hiding the severity of it due to profound feelings of guilt and shame. Living with an addiction compels people to act in ways they would not normally act, just to make it through the day. In most cases, people struggling with substance abuse are not truly in control, due to addiction’s ability to control the mind and the body.

When someone is addicted, he or she feels forced to find the means to get the substance of choice every day. It becomes an obsession and compulsion, which can cause someone to do things that make them feel ashamed.

As substance use continues, someone struggling with addiction may gravitate toward their substance of choice to shut out their guilt. Like denial, the guilt and shame can make a husband feel he needs to shield his wife from the pain he would cause her if she understood how much he was struggling. Often, husbands believe they can handle the problem themselves. 

How to Help an Addict Husband

Addiction can be one of the most difficult problems a couple faces during their marriage, which is why seeking addiction help for your husband is critical to restoring the foundation of trust in your relationship. While your husband may believe that shielding you from his addiction is viable means of ensuring your protection, keeping you in the dark is doing a disservice to everyone involved.

Family Intervention

The best way to overcome this hurdle is with a comprehensive family addiction intervention. This can break down the walls of denial through the facilitation of honesty, empathy and understanding.

The goal of an intervention is to enable the healing to commence. After your husband has acknowledged his addiction, the family can move toward recovery, which will include family addiction support, focused on rebuilding trust between you and your husband.

Addiction Help for Husbands

While professional guidance can go a long way, nothing can hold a candle to having the support of a loved one during recovery. For this reason, Reflections Recovery Center in Arizona stresses the importance of including patients’ families throughout treatment.

Believing that effective communication builds trust, the mental health experts at Reflections can provide you and your family with a family communication specialist who will serve as a liaison throughout the course of recovery.

See Our Family Counseling Services

Benzodiazepine Prescription Drugs that Require Detox

Benzodiazepine Prescription Medications Can Lead to Addiction

Doctors prescribe benzodiazepine medications to treat medical conditions such as panic disorders, muscle spasms, seizures, anxiety disorders and the symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal. While benzodiazepine medications are not as chemically addictive as opioids, cocaine or methamphetamine, they still carry a significant potential for abuse.

Some people abuse benzodiazepine medications for a euphoric high or intense muscle relaxation, and several take these medications longer than advisable. Unfortunately, proper cessation of benzodiazepine medication can be tricky, and attempting to try quitting “cold turkey” can have deadly consequences.

Benzodiazepine Prescription Uses and Risks

People who take benzodiazepine medications for anxiety or other mental health disorders may build a tolerance to the drugs over time. They also develop a physical dependence at the same time, often compelling a cycle of abuse that leads to addiction.

Prolonged use of benzodiazepines will lead to ineffective treatment for the person’s prior symptoms and make it difficult to function at home, school or work. Some people will take these medications in hazardous situations, such as before driving or operating dangerous equipment.

When an individual reaches the point that a benzodiazepine prescription drug is interfering with daily life or has grown into an addiction, it’s crucial to know how to address this issue safely.

Stopping Benzodiazepine Prescriptions Safely

Most doctors will recommend a patient to take a benzodiazepine medication for a certain amount of time and then gradually decrease the dose to wean off the medication. People who improperly stop taking their benzodiazepine medications risk an intense resurgence of previous symptoms the prescription aimed to treat.

Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

Benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms typically include nausea, disorientation, anxiety, hallucinations, hypersensitivity, tremors, and heightened autonomic activities like heart rate and breathing. The most serious possible withdrawal symptom is a potentially fatal grand mal seizure.

When a person enters detox for benzos, medical professionals will administer medications to manage these symptoms and flush the remaining benzos from the patient’s system. This is a long process that involves slowly tapering off the dosage of benzodiazepines that can last weeks or even months, depending on the level of addiction.

Most detox personnel recommend tapering the patient’s previously abused benzodiazepine medication and then switching him or her to a longer-acting benzodiazepine. Then, the patient will slowly taper off of that medication until the physical benzo dependency has passed. During this time, treatment and counseling between doses can help the patient understand the root cause of his or her addiction.

Types of Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepine medications are available in a variety of brands, each of which has different properties. Some are fast acting but only last for a short time, while others are slower acting but last much longer.

Different benzodiazepine medications require different detox methods, so it’s vital to understand the risks of each type of benzodiazepine medication.

Xanax Addiction

Alprazolam, commonly known as Xanax, is an effective treatment for a variety of panic and anxiety disorders. This fast-acting medication reduces excitability and increases inhibitory brain activity.

Xanax addiction can easily lead to:

  • Difficulty functioning in work, school or social settings
  • Profound symptoms of anxiety and panic
  • Disorientation
  • Many other negative symptoms

Chlordiazepoxide: Librium Addiction

Chlordiazepoxide, also known as Librium, is a sedative used to treat anxiety disorders and the withdrawal symptoms of addiction to some other substances, such as alcohol. Librium produces extreme adverse effects when combined with some other substances such as alcohol and opioid-based prescription painkillers.

When abused, Librium can cause “paradoxical disinhibition,” a condition entailing symptoms that one wouldn’t typically expect to see from a person under the influence of a sedative, such as:

  • Increased aggression
  • Irritability
  • Impulsivity

Clonazepam: Klonopin Addiction

Clonazepam, known as Klonopin, is the third-most prescribed benzodiazepine medication in the United States. This drug treats various anxiety disorders such as:

  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Panic disorder
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Extreme phobias

Klonopin abuse can lead to difficulty focusing, memory problems, cravings for more Klonopin, lethargy and delirium. It is possible to overdose on Klonopin, which can lead to respiratory depression, coma or death.

Clorazepate: Tranxene Addiction

Clorazepate, or Tranxene, is a fast-acting benzodiazepine medication that treats several anxiety disorders. Abuse of this drug can lead to dependence, and like other benzodiazepine medications, it requires a careful discontinuation plan for safe cessation.

Diazepam: Valium Addiction

Diazepam, commonly called Valium, is a central nervous system depressant used to treat anxiety and aid relaxation. Valium can ease muscle spasms, prevent seizures and manage the symptoms of various anxiety disorders. Abuse of Valium can lead to tolerance and addiction.

Over time, Valium withdrawal can affect a person’s mental health and cause symptoms such as:

  • Heightened aggression
  • Irritability
  • Hallucinations
  • Feelings of intense anxiety

A Valium overdose can lead to coma or death.

Estazolam: Prosom Addiction

Estazolam, or Prosom, is a short-term prescription to aid sleep. Unfortunately, this drug can lead to dependency when abused, mixed with other substances or taken longer than prescribed.

Flurazepam: Dalmane Addiction

Flurazepam, known as Dalmane, is very similar to Valium and often prescribed as a sleep aid. Similar to Valium, abuse of this drug can easily lead to dependency and significant withdrawal symptoms.

Lorazepam: Ativan Addiction

Doctors generally only prescribe lorazepam, also known as Ativan, for short-term treatment for anxiety disorders. Even if a patient takes this drug as prescribed, it can still lead to tolerance and dependency, which can entail:

  • Profound memory loss
  • Impaired muscle coordination
  • Sensory problems

Midazolam: Versed Addiction

Doctors prescribe midazolam most often as an anesthetic sedative, but it can also help relieve the symptoms of anxiety disorders. Like any other benzodiazepine medication, users should gradually taper off this medication to avoid withdrawal.

Oxazepam: Serax Addiction

Oxazepam, also known as Serax, is a slow-acting benzodiazepine medication that helps users fall asleep and stay asleep. However, slow-release medication can lead to a tolerance, which can then lead to dependency without a cessation plan.

Temazepam: Restoril Addiction

Restoril, or the generic version temazepam, is a sleep aid intended for short-term use. Temazepam can cause short-term memory loss and other withdrawal symptoms with extended or inappropriate use.

Triazolam: Halcion Addiction

Similar to Restoril, Halcion is a sleep aid intended for short-term use. This drug carries a high potential for abuse, and abusing Halcion can lead to significant withdrawal symptoms.

Quazepam: Doral Addiction

Another benzodiazepine sleep aid is quazepam, also known as Doral. This medication depresses the central nervous system and is easily habit forming. Doctors generally only recommend Doral for occasional use.

Undergoing Safe Detox for Benzos

The thought of entering benzodiazepine detox can be frightening, but it’s important to understand how crucial medical assistance is during recovery. Benzodiazepine withdrawal can lead to profound physical and psychological symptoms, so attempting to quit a benzodiazepine medication cold turkey can be extremely dangerous, even fatal.

See Our Detox Services

How Long Does It Take for Opioid (Painkillers/Heroin) Cravings to Go Away?

When Will Opioid Cravings Finally Stop?

Do heroin cravings ever go away? Opioid addiction, including heroin, is one of the most debilitating and habit-forming types of substance abuse.

Opioids produce powerful effects that cause the brain to crave more doses, rewarding the user with a surge of dopamine in each dose. Eventually, an opioid user will only feel this “reward” neurotransmitter by consuming more opioids.

Cravings can start very soon after beginning opioid use, both for heroin and prescription opioid painkillers. When people struggling with opioid addiction finally start the recovery process, one of the most commonly asked questions in recovery is how to deal with heroin cravings.

The Cravings Never Really Stop

A common phrase heard in recovery centers is that “cravings never go away.” This may sound discouraging or even defeatist at first, but people say it with good intentions. What the people who say this mean is that recovery is not a one-step process. Cravings do not magically stop once you finish recovery.

Opioid cravings will not last forever, but they last for a lot longer than most people would like. Recovery is an ongoing process that lasts for the rest of one’s life, and the power of cravings diminishes with time.

During recovery, people struggling with opioid addiction will learn new coping techniques and relapse prevention therapies for managing environmental triggers. Substance abuse recovery will also help an individual struggling with addiction manage the stages of cravings.

Acute Withdrawal

The most significant cravings appear very soon after a person’s last dose of opioids. The detoxification process typically involves the most significant cravings, sometimes causing individuals experiencing them to:

  • Lash out violently
  • Experience extreme emotions
  • Attempt to escape recovery
  • Undergo a significant medical decline

The acute withdrawal period is dangerous for advanced opioid users, as the body starts to shut down and cravings become more overwhelming.

After detox, the first few days and weeks of recovery may also entail a degree of acute withdrawal. Cravings become obsessions, and this is a very delicate time for anyone struggling with an opioid addiction.

People in recovery at this stage often experience significant cravings first thing in the morning, during alone time, and during stress. As time goes on, these cravings appear more sporadically and with less intensity.

Early Recovery

A few months into recovery will typically mean less frequent and less significant cravings. People at this stage will start to go for longer periods of time without cravings, and they will typically start to master the craving control techniques learned in recovery.

This is still a sensitive time, and environmental stressors and the sudden return to “normal life” can create the temptation for relapse. However, with every craving successfully quelled, the person moves closer to true sober living.

Managing Stressors in Long-Term Sober Living

Some people report feeling “normal” again in as little as six weeks after completing rehab, while others say it took six months or more to start to feel this way. Every person is different, and the psychological factors behind addiction may have deep roots that take time to uncover.

After about a year, every person who struggled with addiction and completed rehab will have likely faced all of the environmental triggers that could lead to relapse. Facing these temptations and applying the lessons learned in recovery builds a strong bedrock for lifelong sobriety.

Relapse Prevention Therapies

People who have been living sober for years will still report feeling cravings from time to time, but these cravings are more of an annoyance than a pressing issue at this point. After a few years of sober living, the relapse prevention techniques learned in rehab become almost second nature.

Aperson entering rehab for the first time may feel like the cravings will never stop. However, the future will start looking more hopeful after they get into the swing of rehab and recovery. Several therapies during rehab will help an individual struggling with opioid addiction to handle the psychological triggers that could lead to a relapse later.

EMDR Therapy

A common therapeutic treatment for substance abuse is eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Originally developed in the 1980s as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder, EMDR aims to change the way traumatic memories are stored in the brain. These memories often have a significant impact on an individual’s cravings and addictive behaviors.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) emphasizes how we think and feel, and how those thoughts and feelings translate into action. CBT uses the Socratic method and draws on concepts from ancient philosophy to help individuals understand their emotional responses to cravings and other addictive behaviors.

CBT can help a person struggling with opioid addiction to understand the impact that his or her own thoughts have on the addiction, instead of focusing solely on environmental triggers.

On the other hand, dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) focuses on psychosocial treatment. It includes mindfulness techniques, and helps the patient regulate emotions. DBT also helps with tolerating pain (not changing it) and maintaining stronger relationships with others.

Don’t Let Fear of Cravings Stop You

Ultimately, everyone who enters substance abuse treatment will deal with cravings on some level. Some people experience them more acutely and for a longer period of time than others. Nonetheless, the fear of cravings should never deter you from seeking treatment for substance abuse.

Cravings are intense and uncomfortable, but they diminish over time. Patients at Reflections Recovery Center learn how to manage these cravings in healthy ways to achieve lifelong sobriety.

See the Other Clinical Therapies We Offer

Starting Safe and Successful Addiction Recovery with OxyContin Detox

Why Detox Is Necessary for OxyContin Addiction Recovery

OxyContin is an opioid painkiller with the same chemicals as heroin. It is highly addictive and comes with a great risk of serious and even deadly withdrawal symptoms.

If you or a loved one wants to recover from OxyContin addiction, the first step must always be medically assisted detoxification.

The Size of the Opioid Problem in America

Approximately 1.9 million people in America struggle with opioid addiction at any given moment. Opioids include heroin and illicit painkillers, as well as prescription drugs. Every year, about 17,000 people die from prescription opioid overdoses. These numbers are staggering, and should help you grasp just how dangerous opioids like OxyContin are.

As suggested earlier, OxyContin (generic name: oxycodone) is in the same category as heroin. Both painkillers cause a euphoric effect by disrupting the brain’s reward center. Trying to detox from OxyContin – as well as heroin and other opioids – can be deadly.

Part of the current problem with opioid addiction and overdose is the inundation of illicit fentanyl in the nation’s current painkiller market. Fentanyl is a synthetic painkiller that’s 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine. It can be lethal in even the smallest doses.

Many people believe they’re buying the prescription drug OxyContin on the black market, when really they’re receiving fentanyl disguised as counterfeit prescription pills. It’s crucial to seek professional OxyContin addiction help as soon as possible – before users buy and take fake OxyContin, which can kill in seconds.

OxyContin Dependency on the Body and the Brain

Anyone can develop an OxyContin dependency. It is not a question of morals, judgment or character. It is simply a side effect of the chemicals in OxyContin – the same ones that are in heroin.

OxyContin works by altering the brain’s receptors to block sensations of pain while flooding the reward center with feelings of euphoria. Even when taken as the prescription directs, a patient can develop a tolerance to OxyContin over time. This means the patient will have to take more and more of the drug to experience the same painkilling effects.

Eventually, tolerance can lead to drug dependency. With dependency, the patient feels unpleasantness unless he or she takes the drug. At this point, the patient will experience withdrawal symptoms without the drug.

OxyContin withdrawal can cause symptoms such as:

  • Anxiety and irritation
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle cramps
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Lack of appetite
  • High blood pressure
  • Rapid heartbeat

Most people cannot withstand OxyContin withdrawal symptoms on their own. Symptoms are too painful and unbearable, leading to intense cravings and relapse. Depending on the level of addiction, quitting OxyContin “cold turkey” can even be deadly.

Stopping the use of the drug suddenly can cause:

  • Organ failures
  • Respiratory depression
  • Other life-threatening conditions

No one should ever try to detox from OxyContin on his or her own. Always trust a rehabilitation facility like Reflections Recovery Center with the detox process instead.

The Importance of Starting Addiction Recovery with OxyContin Detox

At a molecular level, it is almost impossible to distinguish OxyContin from heroin. OxyContin use can lead to a very serious addiction.

Medically assisted detox is necessary for OxyContin addiction recovery. It is the only way to ensure patient safety through all phases of opioid recovery. Detox through an opioid rehab center can help the user safely manage withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings and mitigate the odds of relapse.

Relapse is especially dangerous for those with OxyContin addictions because of the risk of overdose. If the person relapses and takes the same amount of OxyContin he or she was using before detox, the dose could be deadly.

After detox, the body will not have the same tolerance for opioids, and jumping back to the same dosage can be fatal. This is why it’s important to enroll in a rehabilitation program directly after detox, to continue the recovery process safely and reduce the chance of overdose.

What Happens During Medication-Assisted Detox?

If you truly want your loved one to successfully recover from opioid addiction, the first step has to be medication-assisted detox. This is the only way to safely remove OxyContin from the body and brain without risk of crashing, relapsing and overdosing.

OxyContin detox, with help from registered nurses and professional rehab staff members, sets the stage for long-term recovery and living a happy, healthy and successful sober life.

During professional detox, carefully administered medications reduce painful withdrawal symptoms to lower the risk of relapse during the first stages of recovery. It safely removes the OxyContin from the body by facilitating a slow, controlled tapering off the drug. Medical supervision during the first steps is extremely helpful in addressing withdrawal symptoms and triggers – and potentially preventing life-threatening situations.

The most intense OxyContin withdrawal symptoms typically subside within a few weeks. People struggling with opioid addictions can come to a rehabilitation center like Reflections Recovery Center and immediately connect with physicians, consultants and specialists to plan the perfect detox process for their individual needs. Professionally supervised detox can make all the difference in the success of recovery.

Options for OxyContin Detox

When you hear the word “detox,” you might imagine a hospital bed, IVs and a staff of nurses. This does not have to be the case, however. At the right facility, detox can be a safe and rewarding experience.

With help from detox medications, the patient doesn’t have to suffer from intense and uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Meanwhile, the person can learn about addiction recovery, rehabilitation, and proper nutrition in a setting that’s nothing like a cold hospital room.

Reflections Recovery Center is an excellent choice for OxyContin detox for men. It is a men’s detox and rehab facility with a great number of clients who are recovering from heroin and other opioid addictions. Our detox staff cares deeply about each client’s recovery, and will custom-tailor the detox program for each situation.

OxyContin recovery at Reflections starts with medication-assisted detox, and continues the rehabilitation process through inpatient and outpatient treatment for the highest chance of successful, lifelong sobriety.

Learn About Reflections’ Detox Program

Why Are Benzodiazepines Like Xanax Widely Abused?

The number of deaths from benzodiazepine overdoses has risen steadily in the past 15 years. The number of those seeking treatment for addiction to benzodiazepines has likewise spiked during that same period.

While generally safe to use when taken according to a physician’s directions, these medications pose a serious risk of abuse for patients who rely on them for the treatment of anxiety, depression and insomnia.

A Family of Useful Medications

Benzodiazepines are a family of drugs with many familiar names. The most widely known names in the class are:

  • Alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Diazepam (Valium)
  • Librium
  • Ativan
  • Klonopin
  • Serax
  • Restoril

These medications are beneficial for treating a number of disorders, including anxiety, depression and seizures. With so many different medications in this category treating so many different disorders, it is no wonder that they are prescribed to many, many patients in the United States.

Prescription Numbers Rise

Between 1986 and 2013, the number of people with a prescription for one of the benzodiazepine family of medications rose from 8.1 million to 13.5 million.

It is fairly common for someone with a prescription for one of these medications to also be prescribed a second or third medication in the same class of drugs. Over time, the body develops a tolerance for a particular medication and doctors often increase the dosage or prescribe another benzodiazepine to restore the desired effects of the drug.

Stigma Decreases

Since Librium was introduced in the 1950s, the stigma associated with mental health problems has dissipated somewhat. Whereas in the past, few people would seek medical help for anxiety or depression, people now regularly seek treatment options for mental health during routine doctor visits. While this has led to advancements in mental health overall, it does also create more opportunities for addiction or abuse.

Prescription Use Seems Innocuous

Mild anxiety, insomnia or depression are common to many individuals who are prescribed benzodiazepines. Everyone experiences such symptoms from time to time, and in the midst of a bout with one of these conditions, it can be difficult to handle or assess the severity of your symptoms.

Determining whether temporary or long-term medication is the correct avenue of treatment can be a very fluid decision for patients and medical professionals alike. Some individuals become accustomed to drug regimens over time, and short-term relief can turn into ongoing dependence.

As you build a tolerance to the medication and your doctor prescribes higher doses or additional medications, it may not even occur to you that you may be growing dependent on the medication and that an addiction is forming.

While the health care industry makes every effort to help avoid drug dependence, these very safeguards can lead to the conclusion that certain drugs do not carry the risks for addiction that illicit drugs carry. This is one of the main reasons drugs like Xanax are so likely to be abused.

Risks of Prolonged Benzo Use

Risks of Quitting Benzo Addiction Without Medically Assisted Detox - Reflections RehabOver time, the body’s tolerance to benzodiazepines often becomes a dependence on the drug as well.

The medication is now a part of the chemical mix the system expects, and the body, therefore, depends on having the chemical for daily operation. Without it, a series of side effects may appear.

We generally call those side effects withdrawal symptoms.

In addition, continual use of drugs such as alprazolam may ironically lead to greater anxiety or depression for patients. As anxiety deepens, higher doses or additional medications are prescribed, leading to a cycle of increased use and even alprazolam addiction.

There is also a very well-documented risk of falling associated with Xanax and other benzodiazepines. Auto accidents are also much more likely for those taking the medications. Combining the medication with alcohol or other sedatives makes the risk of overdose much more likely and leads to thousands of deaths each year.

Don’t Fight This Alone: Get Benzo and Xanax Addiction Help

While Xanax addiction often sneaks up on those who come to abuse it, Xanax detox is often a difficult process. Getting into an alprazolam rehab program can ease the transition off the medication and help ensure success. Medically assisted Xanax detox can free you from the dependence and prevent medical problems that can result from withdrawal.

While in years past there was a stigma around getting mental health treatment, the country now recognize the importance of sound mental health. Don’t let any perceived stigma prevent you from seeking help for Xanax dependence. There is Xanax addiction help, and you owe it to yourself to give yourself the best chance for success.

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